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Anti-Slavery Collection

Collection Overview

Title: Anti-Slavery Collection

Predominant Dates:1796-1881

Extent: 1.0 MS boxes

Arrangement:

The records are arranged into five series:

Series 1 - Publications

Series 2 - Bills of Sale

Series 3 - Correspondence

Series 4 - Miscellaneous Documents

Series 5 - Speeches

Languages: English [eng]

Abstract

The Anti-Slavery Collection, collected by Berea College librarians (through donation and purchase) consists primarily of publications, letters, bills of sale and reports; records date from 1769- 1865, although one retrospective account was recorded in 1916.  Most of the materials in the collection relate to slavery and support Berea College’s open opposition to the institution of slavery.

Of particular note in the collection is a letter and separate autograph of Levi Coffin, President of the Underground Railroad in Cincinnati, and letters from James Birney and Thomas Garrett. Also in the collection is an anti-slavery publication of 1856 written by William Goodell, a compatriot of Berea founder John G. Fee, as well as typescript accounts by Matilda Hamilton Fee.  The slave deeds in the collection remain a testament to the stark reality of slavery.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The collection consists primarily of publications, letters, bills of sale and reports dating from 1769- 1865 (with one exception: a retrospective account recorded in 1916).  Most of the material in the collection relates to slavery and Berea College’s open opposition to the institution of slavery.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions: Records can be accessed through the Reading Room, Berea College Special Collections and Archives, Hutchins Library, Berea College.

Use Restrictions: There are no restrictions on use by researchers other than federal copyright restrictions.

Related Materials:

Papers of the William Goodell Family, Special Collections and Archives, Berea College, Berea, KY

Berea College Archives Founders and Founding, Special Collections and Archives, Berea College, Berea, KY

John G. Fee Papers, Special Collections and Archives, Berea College, Berea, KY

E.H. Fairchild Papers, Special Collections and Archives, Berea College, Berea, KY

Cassius M. Clay Collection, Special Collections and Archives, Berea College, Berea, Ky.

Preferred Citation: [Identification of item/Folder], Anti-Slavery Collection, Berea College Archives Historical Collection 03, Special Collections and Archives, Berea College, Berea, Ky.

Other Note: BCA 0168 HC 03


Box and Folder Listing

Series 1: Publications, 1835-1881Add to your cart.
Broadsides, polemics, organizational statements, and periodicals all denouncing the institution of slavery.  Arrangement within series is chronological.
Folder 1.1: PublicationsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: The Anti-Slavery Record, 1:6, June 1835 and 2:1, January 1836Add to your cart.
Item 2: The Anti-Slavery Examiner, 1:2, September 1836. Consists of 3rd edition of Appeal to the Christian Women of the South by Angelina Grimke.Add to your cart.
Item 3: Harriet Martineau, The Martyr Age in the United States of America. Report, New York: SW Benedict, 1839, from The London and Westminster Review.Add to your cart.
Item 4: Dr. Channing’s Last Address: Delivered at Lenox, on the 1st of August, 1842, The Anniversary of Emancipation in the British West Indies. Boston, Oliver Johnson, 1842.Add to your cart.
Item 5: Constitution of the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. New York, 1845.Add to your cart.
Item 6: A Friendly Address from British Christians to the Ministers and Elders of the American Presbyterian Church, Who Bore a Faithful Testimony Against Slavery in the Late General Assembly at Philadelphia. 1846 (on back, end of letter from Anna W. Richardson)Add to your cart.
Item 7: Mr. Adams on the Amistad Case, from The National Intelligencer, House of Representatives, March 2, 1847.Add to your cart.
Item 8: Speeches of Hon. Charles Sumner, on the Boston Memorial for the Repeal of the Fugitive Slave Bill, and in Reply to Messrs. Jones of Tennessee, Butler of South Carolina, and Mason of Virginia.  Senate of the United States, June 26 and 28, 1854.  Washington D.C.: Buell and Blanchard, 1854.Add to your cart.
Item 9: Appeal to the People of Maine, by a Citizen. August 1, 1855.Add to your cart.
Item 10: The Constitutional Duty of the Federal Government to Abolish American Slavery: An Expose of the Position of the American Abolition Society. New York, 1856Add to your cart.
Item 11: The African Repository, 57:5, May, 1881, Washington DC. Arthur Tappan, No. 677, New York, The American Tract Society, 1865(?)Add to your cart.
Item 12: The Constitution of the Emancipation League in the City of New York.Add to your cart.
Series 2: Bills of Sale, 1769-1849Add to your cart.
Deeds or bills of sale which served as legal documents in slave trade. Some bills from the Lexington, Kentucky area; one manumission.  Arrangement within series is chronological.
Folder 2.1Add to your cart.
Item 1: Wm Daniel, Bill of Sale for 7-year old Girl to Wm. Hamer, North Carolina 1769Add to your cart.
Item 2: Bill of sale for 40 year old woman Nancy by A. Saunders to David Sayre, Lexington, Ky 1823Add to your cart.
Item 3: Will of Wm Bentley, 1833, executed 1835, naming four slaves as bequests, Madison County, KentuckyAdd to your cart.
Item 4: Manumission of John Mallory, 1841, by Wm. Lyle of Bourbon County, KentuckyAdd to your cart.
Item 5: James Frierson, receipt of 13 year old Sarah purchased from James C. Reilly, Tennessee, 1834Add to your cart.
Item 6: Listing of slaves in lots sold in order to divide the estate of Beverly Daniel for the heirs, 1828Add to your cart.
Item 7: Receipt from J Daniel for printing at the office of the ? Whig, 1824Add to your cart.
Item 8: List of goods sold to Beverly Daniel by Wm. Allen, 1826-1828Add to your cart.
Item 9: List of goods sold to Beverly Daniel by Robt. Ware, 1825-1826Add to your cart.
Item 10: Deed, Georgia, April 1846, executor L Scarlett sells five slaves purchased at auction by M. JonesAdd to your cart.
Item 11: Benjamin Wood, Lexington, KY, 1842 bill of sale to Cornelius Nevius of Garrard County for Jane, age 5, and Caroline, age 12Add to your cart.
Item 12: William Nelson, 1833, hires John from Reuben FranklinAdd to your cart.
Item 13: Joseph Ramsey, bill of sale to William Nelson for Octava, 39, and Alexander, age 3, in 1848Add to your cart.
Item 14: Bill of sale by E Broaddus et al. to Wm Nelson for Ellick, 52 years old, in 1849Add to your cart.
Series 3: Correspondence, 1825-1863, 1825-1863Add to your cart.
The letters of various correspondents involved in abolitionist work and some family letters, including one from a Union prison camp. Arrangement within series is chronological.
Folder 3.1Add to your cart.
Item 1: Letter to Mary Freude (?) from Rebecca, London, Apr 24, 1825, 3rd day of antislavery meeting: womenAdd to your cart.
Item 2: Letter from Robert Daniel, Independence, Missouri, to Major Jesse Daniel, Mt. Sterling, Kentucky, Dec. 10, 1839, regarding deed and money transferAdd to your cart.
Item 3: Letter from James G. Birney for the Executive Committee of the American Anti-Slavery Society, New York, to a separate party in favor of questioning candidates re: views on slavery. July 1838Add to your cart.
Item 4: Letter to Mr. Jehu Wells, Spartanburg, S. C., from Benjamin Barnes or Barner, Smithland, KY, Oct. 10, 1844, regarding sale of tobacco from “your negro man Georges,” plus comments on weather and politics. A printed transcript with information on provenance accompanies this letter.Add to your cart.
Item 5: Letter from Levi Coffin, President of the Underground Railroad, Cincinnati, July 18, 1853, to M. M. Robinson, responding to questions about the split in the Quaker meeting of Indiana over antislavery activities.Add to your cart.
Item 6: Letter from James Nelson, Pleasant Hill, Clarke Co, Kentucky, Sept. 12, 1857, to his son in Missouri.  Discusses price of crops, stock, drought, activities of friends and neighbors.  The Matt and Lizzie in the postscript may be slaves.Add to your cart.
Item 7: Letter from Thomas Garrett, Stationmaster on the Underground Railroad, Wilmington, DE, May 22, 1861, to Abby H. Patten, discussing hardships and hope for abolition of slavery.Add to your cart.
Item 8: Letter from J. D. Nelson, Camp Douglas, Chicago, IL ( Union prison camp), to his parents, Mar. 22, 1863. His company was the 5th Kentucky Cavalry. Probably the same James mentioned in the 1854 letter from James Nelson, above.Add to your cart.
Series 4: Miscellaneous Documents, 1785-1859Add to your cart.
Folder 4.1Add to your cart.
Item 1: Extracts from Minutes of the Society for the Manumission of Slaves from 1785-1797, Minutes of the Manumission Society of New York, Vol. 1, John Jay, President. Membership list included. A final note by William Goodell, dated 1857, indicates he copied much of the document.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Bibliography of books and pamphlets on slavery and anti-slavery in the Oberlin College Library, up to 1874.Add to your cart.
Item 3: Typescript of article by Matilda Hamilton Fee, for the American Missionary Society, January 1858, describing the two small blond slaves and mulatto mother who rode in the stage with her from Lexington to Richmond.Add to your cart.
Item 4: Typescript of article by Matilda Hamilton Fee, for the American Missionary Society, January 1858, May 1858, describing a conversation with the only colored member of Union Church in Berea at that time.Add to your cart.
Item 5: Typescript of article by Matilda Hamilton Fee, for the American Missionary Society, January 1858, April 1859, describing her visit to a freed black woman in prison for attempting to free 5 of her descendants.Add to your cart.
Item 6: Copy of typed account by Andrew Hill, born a slave with the Dunson family, who enlisted in the US army in 1864. He names the leaders of the mob that pulled down Fee’s first schoolhouse. His recollections are dated June 5, 1916, and he gives his birthdate as Dec. 16, 1813, making him 103 at the time of this account.Add to your cart.
Item 7: Clippings from the Cincinnati Daily Gazette, Dec. 3, 1859, reporting the execution of John Brown.Add to your cart.
Series 5: Speeches, 1854-1866Add to your cart.
Several published speeches, from 1854 through 1866, regarding slavery in the territories, emancipation, union, the Civil Rights Bill, and Congressional representation in the states formerly in rebellion immediately following the war.  Arrangement within series is chronological.
Folder 5.1Add to your cart.
Item 1: Speech of Mr. Everett of Massachusetts on the Nebraska and Kansas Territorial Bill, 1854, Feb 8Add to your cart.
Item 2: Speech of Charles Sumner: The Crime against Kansas, 1856, May 19Add to your cart.
Item 3: Speech of Hon. S.A. Douglas of Illinois: Non-Interference by congress with slavery in the territories, 1860, May 15Add to your cart.
Item 4: Speech of Charles Sumner: The Barbarism of Slavery, 1860, June 4Add to your cart.
Item 5: Letter from Hon. W.H. Seward, 1860, May 21Add to your cart.
Item 6: Speech of Charles Sumner: Emancipation!, 1862, Oct 6Add to your cart.
Item 7: Union for the Sake of the Union: To the People of Michigan, 1862Add to your cart.
Folder 5.2Add to your cart.
Item 1: A discourse preached on the Sabbath following the Assassination of the President, 1865Add to your cart.
Item 2: Speech of Hon. Charles Sumner: Protection of Freedmen, 1865, Dec 20Add to your cart.
Item 3: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Grand National Council, Union League of America, 1865Add to your cart.
Item 4: Rooms of ‘The National Union Boys in Blue.’, 1866, Nov 3Add to your cart.
Item 5: Proceedings of the national union convention, 1866, Aug 14Add to your cart.
Item 6: The Freedman’s Bureau: Reports of Generals Steedman and Fullerton, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 7: National Union Club Documents: Speeches, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 8: Speech of Hon. Lyman Trumbull: The Civil Rights Bill (Veto Message), 1866, April 4Add to your cart.
Item 9: Speech of Hon. James W. Nye, 1866, Feb 28.Add to your cart.
Item 10: Speech of Hon. Thaddeus Stevens: Basis of Representation, 1866, Jan 31Add to your cart.
Item 11: Speech of F.C. Beaman: Representation of the Rebellious States, 1866, Feb 24Add to your cart.
Item 12: Speech of Hon. B.F. Wade: Against the immediate restoration of the seceded states, 1866, Jan 18Add to your cart.