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Darwin Rush James Collection

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Darwin Rush James Collection



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Darwin Rush James Collection, 1865-1895 | Berea College Special Collections and Archives Catalog

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Collection Overview

Title: Darwin Rush James Collection, 1865-1895Add to your cart.

Primary Creator: James, Darwin R. -- (Darwin Rush) -- 1834-1908

Extent: 1.0 MS boxes

Arrangement:

The collection is arranged as followed by folder:

1. Documents supporting the Spanish American Treaty

2. Documents opposing the Spanish American Treaty

3. Recommendations on Specific Tariffs

4. Letters and Bulletins issued by the Anti-Monopoly League, and others, 1880s

5.  Miscellaneous Documents

Subjects: Anti-Monopoly League of the State of New York., James, Darwin R. -- (Darwin Rush) -- 1834-1908., New York Board of Trade and Transportation.

Languages: English

Abstract

Darwin Rush James was born 14 May 1834, in Williamsburg, Massachusetts. At age 14, he and his family moved to Brooklyn, New York, where James finished his education and remained for life. He entered the business world as an importer of indigo and spices from the East Indies with the firm of Packard and James, located in nearby Manhattan. On 14 January 1858, James married Mary Fairchild, first cousin to the future presidents of Oberlin (James H. Fairchild, 1866-1889) and Berea College (Edward Henry Fairchild, 1869-1889). The same year Darwin James entered upon a successful life in politics and public service. He first held the post of President of the New York Board of Trade and Transportation from 1858-1864. He next became the Brooklyn Park Commissioner in 1876, a position he held until 1882. In 1881, he was among the founding members of the Anti-Monopoly League in New York.

In 1883, James won election to the U.S. House of Representatives as a Republican from Brooklyn. Elected twice to serve the people of his district, James left the House in 1887. Although his tenure in the House was short, James continued to hold public office on the Board of Indian Commissioners, and also as a member of the U.S. Senate's Commission on Foreign Relations. During the four years that Darwin James served as a member of the House of Representatives, he received correspondence about tariffs on tobacco, sugar, metals, silk, and other items of trade, especially those affected by the proposed Spanish American and Mexican treaties. Correspondence and clippings on these topics are preserved in this collection. Also included are documents related to issues of free trade policies and monopolies.

After serving on the Board of Trustees of Berea College from 1893-1898, James served on the Board of Directors at Lincoln Memorial University, starting in 1897, the year the school was founded in Harrogate, Tennessee.

Darwin Rush James died on November 19, 1908 from a case of acute nervous indigestion, being ill for only two days. He was survived by his widow and their seven children.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection is comprised of correspondence and clippings on the topics of tariffs on tobacco, sugar, metal, silk, and other items of trade—especially those affected by proposed Spanish American and Mexican treaties.

The documents in the collection cover the pros and cons of the Spanish American and Mexican Treaties, specific tariffs, opposition to monopolies, and a few miscellaneous topics. Rep. James gave a speech in the House of Representatives entitled "Prosperity the result of protective tariff." on May 5, 1884. The title suggests he was more likely to agree with the letters opposing the Spanish American Treaty than with those who supported it, but he received and preserved letters and clippings on both sides of the issue. Although he supported tariffs, he opposed monopolies, a cause he espoused before he was elected to the House. Constituents were chiefly concerned about railroad and telegraph monopolies, but the issue also affected tariffs, for example in the case of the west coast company that monopolized the shipments of sugar from Hawaii.

A late miscellaneous document included in the collection proposes a free trial of an electrical dynamo intended for classroom use. The date coincides with James' term as a trustee of Berea College.

Subject/Index Terms

Anti-Monopoly League of the State of New York.
James, Darwin R. -- (Darwin Rush) -- 1834-1908.
New York Board of Trade and Transportation.

Administrative Information

Repository: Berea College Special Collections and Archives Catalog

Access Restrictions: Records can be accessed through the Reading Room, Berea College Special Collections and Archives, Hutchins Library, Berea College.

Use Restrictions: There are no known restrictions on the collection other than federal copyright regulations. Please cite all references to this collection. There are no restrictions on consulting the collection, other than recommended care of fragile materials.

Related Materials: RG 9 - Faculty, Staff and Trustee Biography Files, Berea College Archives

Preferred Citation: [Identification of item], Darwin Rush James Collection, Berea College Special Collections and Archives, Berea, Ky.

Processing Information: The collection finding aid was updated in November 2015.

Other Note: Collection number: BCA 0200 HC 25


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Darwin Rush James Collection],
[All]

Box 1: Darwin Rush James CollectionAdd to your cart.
Folder 1: Documents supporting the Spanish American TreatyAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Edwin Adams article favoring the Spanish American Treaty in New York Shipping News, Jan. 9, 1985Add to your cart.
Item 2: H.P. Finlay letter in favor of the Treaty, including statistical summary of global sugar production 1884-1885, Feb. 3, 1885Add to your cart.
Item 3: John E. Alexander et al. to Hon. John F. Miller, representing the Maritime Association of the Port of New York, copy of letter in favor of the Spanish American Treaty, Jan. 5 1885Add to your cart.
Item 4: John Blakely, importer of "segars, tobacco, segarettes," a circular in favor of "The Spanish Treaty on Segars", Jan. 17, 1885Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Documents opposing the Spanish American TreatyAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Charles L. Holt to Hon. D. R. James, copy of resolution adopted by the New York Leaf Tobacco Board of Trade opposing The Spanish American Treaty, with list of wholesale dealers in leaf tobacco in New York City, Dec. 18, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 2: Poster in English, German, and Czech (?), advertising a mass meeting of cigar makers Dec. 13 in New York to oppose free trade and the Spanish American treatyAdd to your cart.
Item 3: Resolutions of the Mass Meeting of Cigar Packers, Dec. 18, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 4: Clipping of speech by F.B. Thurber against the ratification, taken from American Groeer [sic--Grocer?], Dec. 25, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 5: Letter from Mendez and Jauregui, cigar manufacturers, to Hon. Darwin R. James, opposing the treaty, Dec. 1884Add to your cart.
Item 6: Letter from M.O. Burr to Mr. James, Dec. 10, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 7: Letter from Roswell C. Williams to Hon. Darwin James, opposing the treaty, Dec. 10, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 8: Letter from L. J. Busby to D.R. James, opposing the treaty, Dec. 9, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 9: Letter from J.A. S? to Hon. Darwin R. James, opposing Spanish and Mexican treaties, Dec. 5, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 10: Letter from J.A. S? to "My Dear Mr. James,", opposing Spanish and Mexican treaties, Dec. 14, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 11: Letter from A.B. Miller to D.R. James, opposing treaty, Dec. 18, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 12: Statement of 23 iron ore businesses opposed to Spanish American treatyAdd to your cart.
Item 13: Proof of article to appear in the American Grocer and Dry Goods Chronicle, Dec. 11, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 14: Clipping, from the Brooklyn Union, Dec. 9, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 15: Clipping from the Tribune, Nov. 22, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 16: Clipping from the Brooklyn Times, Dec. 9, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 17: Broadside, "The Commercial Treaties and Revenue Reform", Dec. 3, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 18: Resolutions from the Chamber of Commerce, listing firms signing the resolutionsAdd to your cart.
Item 19: Report to the Merchants Exchange of St. Louis, "Spanish-American Treaty", Dec. 30, 1884Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Recommendations on Specific TariffsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Letter from E. Fougera and Co., to a Congressional Committee, on the topic of tariffs on chemical products, Jul. 15, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 2: Notes made on the Fougera and other suggestions, possibly in James' handwritingAdd to your cart.
Item 3: Letter from James W. Cleland to Hon. D. R. James, urging no exceptions to tariffs on distilled spirits, May 24, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 4: Letter from James Davies and Sons to Hon. Darwin R. James, regarding tariff on gum substituteAdd to your cart.
Item 5: Letter from William Godfrey to Hon. Darwin R. James, asking about tariffs on cork products, Feb. 12, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 6: Letter from A Henry (?) to Hon. Darwin James, thanking him for putting chicory on the "free" list, Feb. 19, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 7: Clipping from the Shipping List re the tariff on copperAdd to your cart.
Item 8: Proceedings, Louisiana Sugar Planters' Association, Dec. 11, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 9: Printed letter from J. Herbelin, Louisiana Silk Spinning Mills, requesting government protection for the silk industry, Nov. 8, 1883Add to your cart.
Item 10: Printed letter from John D. Cutter to Hon. W. H. Robertson, Collector of the Port of New York, disputing the appraisal of imported black silk surah, Dec. 31, 1883Add to your cart.
Item 11: Letter from John D. Cutter to D.R. James regarding proposed change of duties on imported silk, Jan. 21, 1884Add to your cart.
Item 12: Circular from John D. Cutter, entitled, " A Plea for a Specific Tariff upon Silks", n.d.Add to your cart.
Item 13: Reprint of New York Times editorial, entitled, "The Hawaiian Treaty", Dec. 11, 1884Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Letters and Bulletins issued by the Anti-Monopoly League, and others, 1880sAdd to your cart.
Item 1: An Act to prohibit free passes on railroadsAdd to your cart.
Item 2: The New York State Anti-Monopoly League, Jul. 27, 1883Add to your cart.
Item 3: Principles and objects of the Anti-Monopoly LeagueAdd to your cart.
Item 4: Report on meeting of the Executive Committee of the N. Y. State Anti-Monopoly CommitteeAdd to your cart.
Item 5: Document 9, Anti-Monopoly League: The ABC of the Railroad QuestionAdd to your cart.
Item 6: Document 14, Anti-Monopoly League: The Impending CrisisAdd to your cart.
Item 7: Document 15, Corruption of our elections, legislation and courtsAdd to your cart.
Item 8: An address from the King's County Anti-Monopoly LeaguerAdd to your cart.
Item 9: Clipping, letter to the editor of the Daily Saratogian, from F.B. Thurber, of the Anti-Monopoly LeagueAdd to your cart.
Item 10: The Average Citizen: Necessity for organizationAdd to your cart.
Item 11: Telegraph ResolutionAdd to your cart.
Item 12: Clipping: "Fighting the big monopoly: The Standard Company bearded in its own den", n.d.Add to your cart.
Item 13: "Another New Road: A gilt-edged dream of monopoly ..." ,tract reprinted from the Carson New Appeal, n.d.Add to your cart.
Item 14: Tract on railroad monopolies [A half-hour with one of the great questions of the day]Add to your cart.
Item 15: "Public Rights and Corporate Rights: the report of the committee on railroad transportation of the New York Board of Trade and Transportation, containing findings of the U.S. Senate Committee on transportation routes; . . . extracts from the . . . Granger cases . . ."Add to your cart.
Folder 5: MiscellaneousAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Elbridge Electrical Manufacturing, proposes free trial of its "Model Dynamo," designed to be used in classrooms for teaching electrical principles., Nov. 17, 1895Add to your cart.
Item 2: "The New Treaty Policy," Reprint of article from the New York Daily Commercial Bulletin, opposing attempt to develop a second canal while the Panama canal is under construction., Dec. 20, (no year)Add to your cart.
Item 3: Tract pointing out that both major parties have pledged to resist corruption and monopolies, but have failed to do so.Add to your cart.

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