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E. H. Fairchild Papers

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

College Archive Record Group 3.01



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E. H. Fairchild Papers, 1860-1973 | Berea College Special Collections and Archives Catalog

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Collection Overview

Title: E. H. Fairchild Papers, 1860-1973Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

ID: RG 03/3.01

Primary Creator: Fairchild, Edward Henry -- 1815-1889

Other Creators: Hutchins Library

Extent: 0.8 Linear Feet

Arrangement: Arrangement of the collection is in series: Series 1: Personal Series; 2: Correspondence; Series 3: Addresses and Sermons; Series 4: Printed Material; Series 5: Miscellaneous; and Series 6: Photographs

Subjects: Abolitionists., African American history., American Anti-Slavery Society., American Missionary Association., Antislavery movements -- United States -- History -- 19th century -- Sources., Berea, (Ky.), Berea College, Fairchild, Edward Henry -- 1815-1889, Minorities -- Education -- United States., Oberlin College.

Languages: English

Abstract

Born in Stockbridge, MA, 29 November 1815, Edward Henry Fairchild grew up in Brownhelm, Ohio,where his parents, Grandison and Nancy Fairchild, had a farm. He and his brother James were half of the first entering class at Oberlin College; he graduated in 1838. At age 21, after lecturing against slavery in Ohio as one of the "Seventy" sent out by Theodore Weld, he was commissioned by the American Anti-slavery Society for a three-month tour of Pennsylvania. At 22 he began teaching a large colored school in Cincinnati. He graduated from Oberlin's Theological Seminary in 1841 and then married Maria Babbit,who at one time had also lived in Brownhelm. The couple had four sons and one daughter: Charles,Henry, Julia, Arthur, and Eugene. Fairchild was ordained in the Congregational Church (after being rejected by the Presbyterians because he supported Oberlin). He served pastorates in Ohio,Pennsylvania, and New York, and continued to lecture against slavery. From 1853-1869 (approximately) he was principal of the Preparatory Department at Oberlin. In 1869 he became the first president of Berea College and served until his death in 1889.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection consists of official and personal papers of Berea College's first president, Edward Henry Fairchild.  Materials include personal papers, manuscript reminiscences, essays, photographs and printed articles by and about the Fairchild family. Family members represented, in addition to Edward Henry Fairchild, are Edward's wife, Maria B. Fairchild; his brother, James H. Fairchild and sister-in-law, Helen Viets Fairchild; his children, the Rev. Charles Fairchild, Julia Fairchild Hall, Arthur Fairchild, and Eugene Fairchild; nephews David Fairchild and the Rev. Edwin M. Fairchild, nieces Phoebe and Carolyn Haynes, grandchildren Bertha Fairchild Lauder, Henry P. Fairchild, Frederick F. Hall, Walter Fairchild and Edith Fairchild; great granddaughters Grace Hall Ohl and Ruth Lauder. President Fairchild's correspondence is limited to twenty-one letters (1860-1882), of which only seven appear to be original. Included are fragmentary personal and business correspondence of E.H. Fairchild and Frederick F. Hall; typewritten copies of Charles F. Dike's letters to Fairchild concerning Dike's donation of money for the education of black students; and correspondence of other family members.

Photographs present include a family album and miscellaneous loose prints, most of which are 19th century. Depicted are family members and the Fairchild home (c. 1894); Berea College students, buildings, and campus scenes (1869-1873, 1891-1894); and several shots taken at sites near Berea. Other materials include printed presidential addresses of Fairchild (inaugural, baccalaureate, etc., 1969-1885), printed college advertisements and circulars (1869-1875), and miscellaneous notes and clippings relating to Fairchild's career.

Collection Historical Note

First President of Berea College

Subject/Index Terms

Abolitionists.
African American history.
American Anti-Slavery Society.
American Missionary Association.
Antislavery movements -- United States -- History -- 19th century -- Sources.
Berea, (Ky.)
Berea College
Fairchild, Edward Henry -- 1815-1889
Minorities -- Education -- United States.
Oberlin College.

Administrative Information

Repository: Berea College Special Collections and Archives Catalog

Accruals: Members of the Berea College administration and the Fairchild family donated some materials and records, while others were preserved (as they became available) by College librarians.

Access Restrictions: Records can be accessed through the Reading Room, Berea College Special Collections and Archives, Hutchins Library, Berea College.

Use Restrictions: There are no restrictions on the collection other than federal copyright regulations.  Permission to publish/reproduce must be requested.  Cite all references to the material in this collection.

Preferred Citation: [Item description/Folder/Box], E. H. Fairchild Papers, Berea College Archives, RG 03/3.01, Berea College Special Collections & Archives, Berea, KY.

Processing Information: This edition of the finding aid was generated from one created in 2011.  The finding aid and box list were updated in May 2014 by Lori Myers-Steele, Project Archivist.  The box list was updated with the aid of Zaven Ruckers, Student Associate Archivist.

Other Note: Berea College students, faculty, and staff can access materials through the online Slavery, Abolition and Social Justice: 1490-2007 portal hosted by Adam Matthew Digital.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by College Archive Record Group:

[College Archive Record Group 3.01],
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College Archive Record Group 3.01Add to your cart.
Series 1: PersonalAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Printed materials and notesAdd to your cart.
Printed memorial to Fairchild; Robertson's holograph note on Fairchild; 1920 statement on Fairchild's presidency by Frost, from Frost's Farewell Report (1 page); Anonymous recollections of a student who attended Berea during the latter part of President Fairchild's administration. Principal Hunting's remarks on Fairchild, 1890. Clipping from Louisville Transcript, Two Strong Men, 1890, by JHH (Hayward). Clipping of President Frost's reflections at the cemetery monument to Fairchild.
Folder 2: Materials regarding Frederick F. Hall and Anna HallAdd to your cart.
Typed copy of Frederick F. Hall's letter to William G. Frost (1925), Berea's third president; interview with Frederick Hall (1944). Hall's reminiscences on the occasion of renaming Ladies Hall (Pinnacle, 1934); accounts of Frederick and Anna Hall following their accidental death.
Folder 3: Materials regarding Maria Babbit FairchildAdd to your cart.
Typed copy of Frederick F. Hall's letter to William G. Frost (1925), Berea's third president; interview with Frederick Hall (1944). Hall's reminiscences on the occasion of renaming Ladies Hall (Pinnacle, 1934); accounts of Frederick and Anna Hall following their accidental death.
Folder 4: Materials regarding the Oberlin LynchingAdd to your cart.
Extracts about the Oberlin Lynching from J. H. Fairchild's publications (JH was brother to EH, and president of Oberlin College). (See also Box 1/Folder 3)
Folder 5: Fairchild Family memoirs and writingsAdd to your cart.
A copy of Bertha Fairchild Lauder's: A Child Remembers Berea in the 1870's (ca. 1946, 64 pages) and the edited version printed by Berea College. Correspondence of Ruth Lauder with Berea College about her mother's memoir. Typed extract of pp. 29-53 of the manuscript, describing Maria Babbit Fairchild. Obituary of Bertha Fairchild Lauder.
Folder 6: Materials regarding Fairchild Spring and Fairchild RoostAdd to your cart.
Article for the Berea Citizen (1928), describing the dedication of Fairchild Spring and the Fairchild family's part establishing it. Clipping about the Fairchild Roost.
Folder 7: Account of Fairchild's life, by the Rev. Harley Patterson, DD., 1973Add to your cart.
Account of Fairchild's life, citing sources, prepared by the Rev. Harley Patterson, DD .
Folder 8: Pages from a diary maintained by Phoebe HaynesAdd to your cart.
Pages from a diary maintained by Phoebe Haynes, E.H. Fairchild's niece by marriage, with annotations by F.F. Hall (20 small pages, March, 1885). Haynes was employed in the Music Department at Oberlin and made a trip to Berea for a musical program. Also a note on her sister Caroline Willard Haynes, who taught at Berea, attributed to W.E. Barton.
Folder 9: Fairchild Family correspondence and printed materialAdd to your cart.
Three letters by grandsons Henry Pratt Fairchild and F.F. Hall (1931, 1936) along with copies or reprints of miscellaneous articles by H.P.F. from Harper's, The Forum, Atlantic, etc., and clippings about his daughter; articles about EHF's nephew David Fairchild, his books, and the Fairchild Gardens; and a booklet published by the Rev. E.M. Fairchild, nephew.
Folder 10: Fairchild Family materialsAdd to your cart.
Reminiscences of Mrs. R. W. McLeod, 1946, recalling Arthur Fairchild, Julia Fairchild, and other family members. Letter from Grace Ohl (great granddaughter of EHF) about the location of family Bibles.
Folder 11: Materials regarding Fairchild FamilyAdd to your cart.
List of legatees of Helen V Fairchild, sister-in-law. Obituary of Walter Fairchild, grandson. Clipping re visit to Berea by Dr. Fred Fairchild, grandson.
Folder 12: Fairchild Family GenealogyAdd to your cart.
Genealogy of the Fairchild family, with biographical information, compiled by Prof. Richard Sears of Berea College, from immigrant ancestor Thomas Fairchild, Sr., through the grandchildren of President Edward Henry Fairchild.
Series 2: CorrespondenceAdd to your cart.
This series consists of original correspondence by or to Edward Henry Fairchild.  Most of the correspondence is from the period when he was president of Berea College.  A couple of commendations of the school are included. Some letters are originals, but most are copies. One letter attributed to SC Armstrong praises Berea and President Fairchild, but most likely was addressed to someone else.
Box 1: CorrespondenceAdd to your cart.
Folder 13: CorrespondenceAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Two handwritten letters from E.H.F. to Brother Pratt, August 3, 10, 1870Add to your cart.
Almon B. Pratt, Trustee
Item 2: Holograph draft of a description of BereaAdd to your cart.
for a publicity circular
Item 3: Series of nine letters received by E.H.F. relating to a donation to Berea by Charles F. Dike, 1872-1877Add to your cart.
typed transcripts included
Item 4: A typed transcript of a letter of E.H.F. to Charles G. Finney, July 10, 1860Add to your cart.
3 pages
Item 5: A letter of E.H.F. and Maria Babbit Fairchild to W.E. Barton and Etta F. Barton, November 21, 1887Add to your cart.
A letter of E.H.F. and Maria Babbit Fairchild to "their children," W.E. Barton and Etta F. Barton. Holograph and transcript included.
Item 6: An invitation from E.H.F. to Robert G. Hutchins, February 4, 1882Add to your cart.
An invitation from E.H.F. to Robert G. Hutchins (father of Berea's fourth president, William J. Hutchins), to speak at the 1882 commencement.
Item 7: A recommendation of Berea by A. P. Peabody, of Cambridge.Add to your cart.
Item 8: Correspondence from Henry B RogersAdd to your cart.
A letter from Henry B Rogers, of Boston, in response to a visit by the man he supposed to be EHF, but who must have been his son, Eugene P. Fairchild, who became the financial agent for Berea College in 1889.
Item 9: Letter praising Fairchild and BereaAdd to your cart.
An incomplete letter praising Fairchild and Berea, perhaps from General S.C. Armstrong, a founder of Hampton Institute.
Series 3: Addresses and SermonsAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
Fairchild's great hopes for Berea students, both black and white, are evident in these printed copies of addresses he made directly to the Berea student body and the Berea community.  Publications of the American Missionary Association, articles published elsewhere, and his communications with others who were also endeavoring to meet the needs of those with little means, extended Fairchild’s influence beyond Berea. Some documents in this series point to that wider audience.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Addresses and SermonsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Inaugural addresses of Fee and Fairchild, 1869Add to your cart.

Printed copies (6) of the inaugural addresses given by Fee and Fairchild in 1869, when EHF became President, along with typed extracts from Fairchild's address.

Link to digital item: https://berea.access.preservica.com/file/sdb%3AdigitalFile%7C057ab84a-5a10-4996-a151-685919b48f09/

Item 2: Baccalaureate Sermons, 1878, 1881Add to your cart.
Printed copies of E.H.Fairchild's baccalaureate sermons at Berea in 1878 and 1881
Item 3: Fairchild's comments from conference at Fisk University, 1881Add to your cart.
Typed extracts from Fairchild's comments during a conference at Fisk University in 1881 (Dec. 26-28), probably drawn from a printed record or minutes of the conference.
Item 4: Fairchild's article: God's Design For and Through the Negro RaceAdd to your cart.
AMA pamphlet with Fairchild's article, God's Design For and Through the Negro Race.
Item 5: Quotations from Fairchild's annual reports, 1874, 1879, 1885Add to your cart.
Typed quotations from Fairchild's annual reports of Berea's commencements in the American Missionary
Item 6: What Career for the Negro?Add to your cart.
3 reprints from Sunday Afternoon
Series 4: Printed MaterialAdd to your cart.
Publicity circulars and advertisements of courses available at Berea College from the first seven years of Fairchild's presidency are collected here, along with Fairchild's history of the founding of Berea and an address by his brother urging individual’s to direct their religious feeling toward social action.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Printed MaterialAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Circular, 1869: a brief history of Berea CollegeAdd to your cart.
Item 2: Circular, 1870Add to your cart.
Includes list of faculty (2 copies)
Item 3: An appeal, 1871Add to your cart.
Includes recommendations from prominent supporters
Item 4: Circular, 1870Add to your cart.
List of faculty includes Julia Britton, Kate Gilbert
Item 5: Annual Circular, 1874Add to your cart.
Illustrated with engravings of Ladies Hall, Howard Hall, and Chapel
Item 6: Annual Circular, 1875Add to your cart.
Illustrated with engravings of Ladies Hall and Howard Hall
Item 7: Circular, 1877-78.Add to your cart.
Item 8: 1874 reprint of address by JH FairchildAdd to your cart.
1874 reprint of address by JH Fairchild, President of Oberlin College, to the National Council of Congregational Churches: Needed Phases of Christianity
Item 9: EH Fairchild. Berea College: An Interesting History, 1876.Add to your cart.

A printed appeal for assistance for the college is tipped in, with a handwritten note to President Tuttle, then president of Hanover(?) College.

Link to digital image: https://berea.access.preservica.com/file/sdb%3AdigitalFile%7Cc34e7eba-132a-428e-8d55-3e29966414bd/

Series 5: MiscellaneousAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
This series consists of documents and clippings, including reminiscences of women teachers at Berea from former students; descriptions of a rally to raise money for Berea in New York; notes by Elizabeth Peck; and impressions of Berea's commencement exercises.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 16: MiscellaneousAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Half page report by E.H.F. to Berea College Board of Trustees, July, 1878Add to your cart.
Item 2: Summary of funds raisedAdd to your cart.
Summary of funds raised by various financial officers, including EH Fairchild and his sons Charles and Eugene.
Item 3: Nina Lawson's teaching experiences at Bear Wallow SchoolAdd to your cart.
Item 4: Henry Allen Laine Writing, 1926Add to your cart.
Henry Allen Laine, a black student who became a teacher, writing about the women teachers of Berea in the late 19th century, including Mrs. Eugene Fairchild.
Item 5: Comes the Glad NoelAdd to your cart.
Song for recorder and voice sent as Christmas greeting by the Ravlins
Item 6: Letter of Kirke SmithAdd to your cart.
Letter of Kirke Smith, a black student, recalling meeting Kate Gilbert at a Christmas dinner at the Eugene Fairchild home
Folder 17: Blueprint of a bronze plaque honoring Fairchild, 1929Add to your cart.
From dedication of Ladies Hall as Fairchild Hall?
Folder 18: ClippingsAdd to your cart.
Describe a 1969 meeting at Cooper's Union in New York designed to raise money for Berea; John G Fee, EH Fairchild, and Henry Ward Beecher were among those speaking.
Item 1: The New York HeraldAdd to your cart.
Item 2: The CongregationalistAdd to your cart.
Item 3: The New York TribuneAdd to your cart.
Folder 19: ClippingsAdd to your cart.
Describe commencement week events at Berea
Item 1: Massachusetts paper, 1875Add to your cart.
Item 2: The Kentucky Register, 1883Add to your cart.
Item 3: The Republican of Mt. Vernon, Ohio, 1883Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Notes of Elizabeth PeckAdd to your cart.
Packets of notes Elizabeth Peck took on the Fairchild era for her book, Berea's First Century
Series 6: PhotographsAdd to your cart.
Two folders of loose prints and a family album with captions comprise the series.  The old and fragile album contains views of the Fairchild family and house; Berea College students, buildings, and campus scenes; as well as views of the surrounding area, and serves as the source for most of the oldest photographs of Berea College known to exist.  In 2011, the pages of the album were re-housed in archival sleeves for preservation purposes; due to the heavy use of this item over many decades, the pages had all separated from the binding.
Box 2Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 1: Loose Photographs/Images of Edward Henry FairchildAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Loose Photographs/Images of the Fairchild FamilyAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Fairchild Photography Album (Images 1-32 of 64)Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Fairchild Photography Album (Images 33-64 of 64)Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Fairchild Album (empty remnants)Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Preservation copies of images from Fairchild AlbumAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: Photographs of Fairchild House ca. 1870sAdd to your cart.

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