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William Goodell Frost Papers



Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description



Sermons, Addresses, and Lectures


Day Law


Eleanor Marsh Frost



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William Goodell Frost Papers | Berea College Special Collections and Archives Catalog

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Collection Overview

Title: William Goodell Frost PapersAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1860-1894

ID: RG 03/3.03

Primary Creator: Frost, William G. -- (William Goodell) -- 1854-1938

Other Creators: Hutchins Library

Extent: 21.4 Linear Feet

Arrangement: Arrangement of the collection is in series: Personal; Correspondence; Sermons, Addresses, and Lectures;Writings; Day Law; Reports; Eleanor Marsh Frost; Miscellaneous; and Photographs.

Subjects: African Americans -- Appalachian Region., Appalachian Region, Southern -- History., Appalachian Region, Southern -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- History -- 20th century., Appalachian Region -- Economic Conditions., Appalachian Region -- History, Appalachian Region., Berea, (Ky.), Berea College, Education, higher -- Administration., Education, Higher -- Appalachian Region -- History., Frost, Eleanor Marsh., Frost, Maria Goodell., Frost, William G. -- (William Goodell) -- 1854-1938, Kentucky Day Law., Minorities -- Education -- United States., Oberlin College.

Languages: English


Frost, a native of LeRoy, New York, was an 1876 graduate of Oberlin College and taught Greek at him alma materfrom 1876 through 1892. Having refused the presidency of Berea College in 1889, Frost reconsidered theappointment after the resignation of William B. Stewart.  Frost was inaugurated in 1892 and served as presidentuntil 1920. Frost is credited with being chiefly responsible for the significant growth of Berea College during thisperiod. His term saw enrollment rise from 350 in 1912 to 2400 in 1920, and the College’s endowment increasefrom $1,000,000 to $3,500,000 over the same period. He was also responsible for re-directing the school'smission from that of coeducation of blacks and whites to one which focused on educating "AppalachianAmericans", a term he is credited with popularizing. This shift took place contemporaneously with passage ofthe Kentucky Day Law (1904) which forbade integration of blacks and whites within single institutions. Thisresulted in removal of black students from the college and the establishment by Berea of the Lincoln Institute inLouisville, a separate school solely for blacks.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection consists of official and personal papers of, William Goodell Frost, who served as BereaCollege's third president from 1892 to 1920. The Frost papers include personal and official correspondence; sermons, addresses, and lectures; manuscript writings; diaries; reports; photographs; and papers of Frost's wife, Eleanor Marsh Frost. The papers provide important documentation of Frost's life, racial issues in Kentucky, and on the history of Berea College.

Collection Historical Note

Third president of Berea College

Subject/Index Terms

African Americans -- Appalachian Region.
Appalachian Region, Southern -- History.
Appalachian Region, Southern -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- History -- 20th century.
Appalachian Region -- Economic Conditions.
Appalachian Region -- History
Appalachian Region.
Berea, (Ky.)
Berea College
Education, higher -- Administration.
Education, Higher -- Appalachian Region -- History.
Frost, Eleanor Marsh.
Frost, Maria Goodell.
Frost, William G. -- (William Goodell) -- 1854-1938
Kentucky Day Law.
Minorities -- Education -- United States.
Oberlin College.

Administrative Information

Repository: Berea College Special Collections and Archives Catalog

Access Restrictions: Records can be accessed through the Reading Room, Berea College Special Collections and Archives, Hutchins Library, Berea College.

Use Restrictions: There are no restrictions on the collection other than federal copyright regulations.   Cite all references to the material in this collection.

Preferred Citation: [Item description], W. G. Frost Papers, Berea College Archives, BCA RG 03/3.03, Berea College Special Collections & Archives, Berea, KY.

Finding Aid Revision History: The finding aid was updated from previous versions in June 2014 by Lori Myers-Steele, Project Archivist. The box list was created by Katie L. Grindstaff, Student Associate Archivist.

Other Note: The online version of content from this collection is available on-campus to Berea College students, staff, and faculty through the Slavery, Abolition and Social Justice, 1490-2007 database by Adam Matthew.

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Personal],
[Series 2: Correspondence],
[Series 3: Sermons, Addresses, and Lectures],
[Series 4: Writings],
[Series 5: Day Law],
[Series 6: Reports],
[Series 7: Eleanor Marsh Frost],
[Series 8: Miscellaneous],
[Series 9: Photographs],

Series 5: Day LawAdd to your cart.

Materials consist of newspaper clippings, printed legal briefs, miscellaneous correspondence, and publications on the Day Law—the 1904 enactment of the Kentucky legislature which effectively segregated private schools in the state.

Legislative documents include copies of: statements made by Frost before the legislature, Day Law legislation, and of legal briefs relating to Berea College's appeal of the law. Also present are Kentucky Court of Appeals, and U. S. Supreme Court briefs (1905-1908).

Printed copies of statements made on the subject of the law by various individuals or groups are included, as are copies of sermons, addresses, and lectures made by William G. Frost (1904-1907). A group of six letters on the subject from correspondents including George Foster Peabody, W. H. Humphrey, John G. Carlisle, etc. are included. Finally, newspaper clippings concerning the effects of the legislation, removal of blacks from Berea, establishment of Lincoln Institute, etc., are included. Arranged chronologically by subject.

Box 23Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 1: Day Law KY LegislationAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Day Law Supreme CourtAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Day Law Printed MaterialAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Day Law Sermons, Addresses, LecturesAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: Day Law Opinion Other than FrostAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: Day Law CorrespondenceAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: Day Law News clippings n. d. 1904-1907Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Day Law, miscellaneousAdd to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Personal],
[Series 2: Correspondence],
[Series 3: Sermons, Addresses, and Lectures],
[Series 4: Writings],
[Series 5: Day Law],
[Series 6: Reports],
[Series 7: Eleanor Marsh Frost],
[Series 8: Miscellaneous],
[Series 9: Photographs],

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