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Appalachian Religion Survey Records, 1931-1933

Collection Overview

Title: Appalachian Religion Survey Records, 1931-1933

Creator: U. S. Department of Agriculture.

Extent: 6.0 MS boxes

Arrangement:

Arrangement by series: General, Home Missions, West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia. and the U. S. Department of Agriculture.

Data was organized under the categories of county, church, ministers, sermons, and Sunday schools. County schedules summarized economic, social, and geographical information. Church schedules provided basic statistical information including church names, addresses, affiliations, organizational histories, and building descriptions.  Minister schedules detailed pastors' background and qualifications. Sermons / Sunday school schedules summarized sermons and forms of worship with subjective commentary by field staff on the substance (or lack of it) contained in sermons and Sunday school lessons.  The Ministers and Sermons / Sunday school schedules are particularly reflective of the biases of the field staff in relation to their subjects.

Languages: English [eng]

Abstract

The 1931-1933 Appalachian regional religion survey was conducted in connection with a broader economic and social study of the region undertaken by the U. S. Department of Agriculture.  Survey results were published in the books, Religion in the Highlands: Native Churches and Missionary Enterprises in the Southern Appalachians (1933) by Elizabeth R. Hooker, and Economic and Social Problems and Conditions of the Southern Appalachians by the U. S. Department of Agriculture in 1935.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

These are completed data schedules and related narratives from a 1931-1933 Appalachian regional religion survey undertaken by the Institute of Social and Religious Research.  The survey gathered data from approximately 1000 churches and missions in seventeen counties representing the states of West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia, and Kentucky.

Materials consist of completed survey schedules, narrative commentary, and compilations of miscellaneous reference information on the surveyed counties. In addition to fieldwork data, surveyors drew on census statistics and other sources in the completion of the forms. Miscellaneous newspaper clippings, hand-drawn maps, photographs, and correspondence are included for some of the churches.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions: Records can be accessed through the Reading Room, Berea College Special Collections and Archives, Hutchins Library, Berea College.

Use Restrictions: There are no known restrictions on the collection other than federal copyright regulations. Please cite all references to this collection.

Preferred Citation: [Identification of item/Folder/Box], Appalachian Religion Survey Records, 1931-1933, Special Collections, Berea College, Berea, Ky.

Processing Information: The finding aid was updated November 2015.

Finding Aid Revision History: Also Referred to as the 1935 Religious Survey

Other Note:

Also Referred to as the 1935 Religious Survey

BCA 0036 SAA 034


Box and Folder Listing

Series 1: GeneralAdd to your cart.
This series consists of general background information on the Southern Appalachian region including population distribution, education, church financial resources, and geographical/ geological studies of the region.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Southern Mountains - GeneralAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Distribution of Population According to TopographyAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: EducationAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Subventions - Exclusive of those for Roads and SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: Quadrangles of U.S. Geological SurveyAdd to your cart.
Series 2: Home MissionsAdd to your cart.
This series consists of information on the status and objectives of regional home missionary efforts of several denominations.  Excerpts from denominational reports and interviews with workers and church officials are included.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Home Missions - Statistics and ObjectivesAdd to your cart.
Series 3: West VirginiaAdd to your cart.
This series consists of survey schedules for Nicholas, Pendelton, and Webster Counties.  Some of the County schedules include photographs.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 7: GeneralAdd to your cart.
Folder 8: Nicholas County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: Nicholas County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Folder 10: Nicholas County - MinistersAdd to your cart.
Folder 11: Nicholas County - Sermons & Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Folder 12: Pendleton County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Folder 13: Pendleton County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Folder 14: Pendleton County - MinistersAdd to your cart.
Folder 15: Pendleton County - Sermons & Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Folder 1.: Webster County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Folder 2.: Webster County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Folder 3.: Webster County - MinistersAdd to your cart.
Folder 4.: Webster County - Sermons & Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Series 4: VirginiaAdd to your cart.
This series consists of survey schedules for Allegheny, Grayson, and Greene Counties.  Some photographs exist in the County schedules for Grayson County, the County and Church schedules for Allegheny County, and the Church schedules for Greene County.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Folder 5: GeneralAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: Allegheny County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: Allegheny County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Folder 8: Allegheny County - MinistersAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: Allegheny County - Sermons & Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Folder 10: Grayson County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Folder 11: Grayson County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Folder 12: Grayson County - MinistersAdd to your cart.
Folder 13: Grayson County - Sermons and Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Folder 14: Greene County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Greene County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Greene County - MinistersAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Greene County - Sermons & Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Series 5: KentuckyAdd to your cart.
This series consists of survey schedules for Knott, Laurel, and Leslie counties.  Extracts of information are also present for Harlan and Martin Counties. Photographs exist in the County schedules for Laurel and Leslie Counties.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 4: GeneralAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: Knott County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: Knott County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: Knott County - MinistersAdd to your cart.
Folder 8: Knott County - Sermons and Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Folder 9.: Laurel County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Folder 10.: Laurel County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Folder 11.: Laurel County - MinistersAdd to your cart.
Folder 12.: Laurel County - Sermons & Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Folder 13.: Leslie County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Folder 14.: Leslie County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1.: Leslie County - MinistersAdd to your cart.
Folder 2.: Leslie County - Sermons & Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Folder 3.: Extracts from Harlan & Martin CountiesAdd to your cart.
Series 6: TennesseeAdd to your cart.
This series consists of survey schedules for Blount, Cumberland, Overton, and Sevier Counties. The Ministers schedule for Overton County is missing.  There are photographs in the County schedule for Blount County.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 4.: GeneralAdd to your cart.
Folder 5.: Blount County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Folder 6.: Blount County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Folder 7.: Blount County - Special Schedule of Church DataAdd to your cart.
Folder 8.: Blount County - MinistersAdd to your cart.
Folder 9.: Blount County - Sermons & Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Folder 10.: Cumberland County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Folder 11.: Cumberland County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Folder 12.: Cumberland County - MinistersAdd to your cart.
Folder 13.: Cumberland County - Sermons & Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Box 5Add to your cart.
Folder 1.: Overton County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Folder 2.: Overton County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Folder 3.: Overton County - Sermons & Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Folder 4.: Sevier County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Folder 5.: Sevier County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Folder 6.: Sevier County - MinistersAdd to your cart.
Folder 7.: Sevier County - Sermons & Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Series 7: North CarolinaAdd to your cart.
This series consists of survey schedules for Avery, Madison, and Transylvania Counties. Extracts of Sermons / Sunday Schools schedules for Jackson and Haywood Counties are also present.  There are photographs in the County schedules for Avery, Madison, and Transylvania Counties.
Box 5Add to your cart.
Folder 8.: GeneralAdd to your cart.
Folder 9.: Avery County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Folder 10.: Avery County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Folder 11.: Avery County - MinistersAdd to your cart.
Folder 12.: Avery County - Sermons & Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Folder 13.: Madison County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Box 6Add to your cart.
Folder 1.: Madison County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Folder 2.: Madison County - MinistersAdd to your cart.
Folder 3.: Madison County - Sermons & Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Folder 4.: Transylvania County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Folder 5.: Transylvania County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Folder 6.: Transylvania County - MinistersAdd to your cart.
Folder 7.: Transylvania County - Sermons & Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Folder 8.: Extracts of Jackson & Haywood Counties-Sermons & Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Series 8: GeorgiaAdd to your cart.
This series consists of survey schedules for Towns County.  No other Georgia counties were surveyed.
Box 6Add to your cart.
Folder 9.: Towns County - Survey of CountyAdd to your cart.
Folder 10.: Towns County - Survey of ChurchesAdd to your cart.
Folder 11.: Towns County - MinistersAdd to your cart.
Folder 12.: Towns County - Sermons & Sunday SchoolsAdd to your cart.
Series 9: U. S. Department of AgricultureAdd to your cart.
This series consists of a copy of the USDA publication, Economic and Social Problems and Conditions of the Southern Appalachians (1935).  Much of the religion survey data is examined and summarized in "The Church Situation" section of the report.
Box 6Add to your cart.
Folder 1.: Publication: "Economic and Social Problems and Conditions of the Southern Appalachians", 1935Add to your cart.